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Land Use Planning 101 Resources

Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

The World Health Organization defines a HIA as "a combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population." Click here to learn more about HIA. 

NACCHO and APA Resources
Guides and Tools
NACCHO Webcasts
  • Living Healthy: Innovative Partnerships to Connect Public Health and the Built Environment Webcast May 2006 — This NACCHO and APA webcast focuses on the efforts of the Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department and Riverside County Department of Public Health as they address the impact of the built environment on public health. Click here and enter the password wN9Wv3eP to view the webcast. 
  • HIA Webcast May 2005 — This NACCHO and APA webcast focuses on HIA and provides examples of implementation. Click here to view the webcast.
University Level HIA Course Syllabus

The University of California at Berkeley offered a course on HIA to expose students to the practice and potential of HIA in the context of California's land use and transportation policy making. The UC Berkeley Health Impact Group conducted an HIA. Click here for the results. 

Walkability Resources
Other Tools and Resources
PowerPoint Presentations

 The following PowerPoint presentations describe the links between planning and health and include resources for LHD staff to educate others. They can be modified to address your local needs.

The Built Environment and Injury Prevention from NACCHO-ASTHO Annual 2005
NACCHO and APA Health Impact Assessment webcast from May 12, 2005
  • Bob Glandon, Ingham County Health Department
  • Andy Dannenberg, Emergency and Environmental Health Services Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, CDC
  • Candace Rutt, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, CDC 
Planning 101

A planner's perspective on how planning takes place at the local level. Developed by Marya Morris, senior research associate with the American Planning Association (Download PowerPoint Presentation [2,562 KB]) 

Addressing Public Health in Transportation and Land Use Policy

(Presented at the Environmental and Energy Study Institute briefing on Oct. 2, 2003)

  • Built Environment and Public Health. This PowerPoint explores the trends in obesity and physical activity and describes how the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) will address these issues (presented by Allen Dearry, Associate Director, NIEHS).
  • A Compelling Case for Addressing Public Health in Transportation and Land Use Policy. This PowerPoint was presented by Reid Ewing, National Center for Smart Growth, University of Maryland; principal author of the study, "Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity."
  • Designing the Physically Active Community. Presented by Jeffrey Soule, APA policy director, this PowerPoint addresses emerging policy regarding sprawl and health and APA's Planning and Designing the Physically Active Community Project. It includes a survey of local planners on the links between land use and health.
Presentations Made at the 4th Annual Partners for Smart Growth Conference in January 2005
Health People 2010

NACCHO developed action steps for the Healthy People 2010 objectives that relate to land use planning. The steps are designed to help LHDs put the HP2010 objectives into practice by taking a community design approach to environmental health.

Objective 8-1: Reduce the number of people exposed to air that does not meet the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's health-based standards for harmful air pollutants.

Objective 8-2: Increase use of alternative modes of transportation to reduce motor vehicle emissions and improve the nation's air quality.

Objective 8-4: Reduce air toxic emissions to decrease the risk of adverse health effects.

Objective 8-6: Reduce waterborne disease outbreaks arising from water intended for drinking among persons served by community water systems.

Objective 8-9: (Developmental) Reduce the number of beach closings that result from the presence of harmful bacteria.


Using NACCHO Tools for Built Environment Work

NACCHO has a number of community-based needs assessment tools and interagency collaboration tools and worksheets that can be tailored for use by communities/LHDs working on land use issues. Click here to find a description of each tool, specific recommendations about how to implement the tool, and links to downloadable worksheets and the tools themselves.