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This Month's Featured Resources
Diabetes - What You Need To Know

Total prevalence of diabetes

  • 25.8 million children and adults in the United States-8.3% of the population-have diabetes
  • Diagnosed: 18.8 million people
  • Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people
  • Prediabetes: 79 million people

There are three types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.
  • Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. It is caused by your body not using insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
  • Gestational Diabetes happens during pregnancy, usually around the 24th week. A diagnosis of gestational diabetes doesn't mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that you will have diabetes after giving birth.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

  • Having prediabetes
  • Being 45 or older
  • Having a family history of diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Having low HDL, also known as "good" Cholesterol
  • Certain racial and ethnic groups
  • Women who had gestational diabetes, or who have had a baby weighing 9 pounds or more at birth

How is diabetes diagnosed

  • There are several ways to diagnose diabetes. Each way usually needs to be repeated on a second day to diagnose diabetes.
  • Testing should be carried out in a health care setting.
  • If your doctor determines that your blood glucose level is very high, or if you have classic symptoms of high blood glucose in addition to one positive test, your doctor not require a second test to diagnose diabetes.


  • Type 1 diabetes in unpreventable.
  • Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed through a healthy lifestyle. Change your diet, increase your level of physical activity, maintain a healthy weight. With these steps, you can stay healthier longer and reduce the risk of diabetes.
What's NACCHO doing to promote Diabetes prevention, to find out more click here. Also, visit NACCHO's Toolbox for additional resources, here.

Basics about Diabetes from CDC, to find out more click here.