Infectious Disease Prevention and Control (IDPC) Project
Through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NACCHO has undertaken a number of activities to increase the capacity of local health departments to prevent and control infectious diseases in their communities. The IDPC project aims to enhance local health preparedness and response to emerging infections by accomplishing the following:
1) Increase the number of national IDPC and related epidemiology policies, priorities, guidance documents, and decisions informed by local health department input;
2) Improve understanding of ongoing and emergent IDPC and related epidemiology needs, challenges, and successes of local health departments by NACCHO, CDC, and other partners;and
3) Increase the number of IDPC and related epidemiology evidence-based strategies, tools, and resources available for local health departments.
NACCHO identifies and disseminates resources and model practices to local health department IDPC programs through a variety of strategies and communication mechanisms. The project supports NACCHO's IDPC workgroup, which consists of staff from local health departments across the country. The IDPC project also enabled NACCHO to inform more robust and systematic strategies for gathering local H1N1 situational awareness, useful practices, lessons learned, and input on guidance and policies during the 2009 outbreak.
Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Project
The goal of the HAI project is to increase the capacity of local health departments to prevent and reduce HAIs and antimicrobial resistance and improve antimicrobial stewardship in their communities. This includes increasing local health department engagement in state HAI prevention activities, increasing stakeholders' understanding of HAI-related needs, making available resources that help to inform engagement of local health departments in HAI prevention, and supporting collaboration between local health departments and partners such as hospitals and long-term care facilities. The project will investigate the challenges and benefits to establishing collaborative relationships centered on the prevention and control of HAIs and antimicrobial resistance.
In 2011, NACCHO, in collaboration with CDC, conducted a needs assessment of 13 local health departments to better understand the following:
1) Local health departments' awareness of HAIs;
2) Extent to which local health departments were engaged in HAI prevention, surveillance, and response;
3) Barriers to primary HAI prevention; and
4) Local health departments' needs in order to become more involved in expanding national and state HAI prevention activities.
NACCHO, in collaboration with CDC, initiated a demonstration project for two local health departments to engage in state HAI prevention efforts in 2012. The DuPage County (IL) and Livingston County (MI) health departments were selected to explore the role of local public health and local health department collaboration with long-term care facilities in HAI/MDRO prevention. In 2013, the demonstration project was expanded to the City of Milwaukee Health Department (WI) and the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PA). In 2014, three demonstration sites –DuPage County (IL), Florida Department of Health in Orange County (FL), Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PA) –informed the development of a guidance document that outlines roles and opportunities for local health departments to prevent and reduce HAIs in collaboration with state health departments. In 2015, the three demonstration sites will continue and/or expand their HAI prevention work by focusing on antimicrobial stewardship, partnering with long-term care facilities, and collaborating with their state health departments.
Flu Near You
NACCHO has partnered with Skoll Global Threats Fund to increase the capacity of local health departments to engage in digital disease detection and inform the potential of using the internet and other mobile technology to plan for and detect pandemics.
To achieve this goal, NACCHO hosted a session at the 2015 Preparedness Summit to feature how local health departments have used Flu Near You data for public health action and facilitate a discussion on how Flu Near You can be useful for local health departments. This project has also involved sharing aggregated Flu Near You data with select local health departments to determine the potential for the data to be used as part of a surveillance strategy. In addition, NACCHO will conduct exercises with local health departments partnering with local pharmacies to determine how the partners can use Flu Near You with the population they serve.
Want to get involved with Flu Near You? Sign up today at https://flunearyou.org/ and encourage your friends, family, and colleagues to do the same. If your local health department is interested in or already using Flu Near You data for local influenza surveillance efforts, email firstname.lastname@example.org.