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Bike/Ped Level of Service Measures and Calculators


Bicycle Level of Service (BLOS) is a nationally-used measure of on-road bicyclist comfort level as a function of a roadway’s geometry and traffic conditions. Developed by Sprinkle Consulting, BLOS is in the Highway Capacity Manual. Roadways with a better (lower) score are more attractive (and usually safer) for cyclists. Also, the Pedestrian Level Of Service (PLOS) measures walking conditions.

BLOS evaluation may be useful in several ways:

  • A bicycle map can be produced for the public to assist them in route selection.
  • The most appropriate routes for inclusion in the community bicycle network can be identified.
  • “Weak links” in the network can be determined, and sites needing improvement can be prioritized.
  • Alternate treatments for improving bike-friendliness of a roadway can be evaluated.
  • Road project selection formulas can include a BLOS or BCI term to encourage implementation of bike planning goals.

Primary Toolkit:

Healthy Community Design Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Community Design, Physical Activity, Planning, Policies, Traffic Safety, Transportation Planning


Institutional Author:

League of Illinois Bicyclists




The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.