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Mixed-Income Transit Oriented Development Action Guide


This Action Guide is a tool for local jurisdictions working to foster mixed-income transit-oriented development (TOD) around planned transit stations. The term “mixed-income TOD” (MITOD) is shorthand to describe a set of goals that includes the provision of a mix of housing choices, affordable to a range of incomes, for people at different stages of life within a specific transit station area. The goal of this guide is to help practitioners identify the most appropriate and effective planning tools for achieving MITOD in their transit station area, and ultimately to facilitate the development of mixed-income communities across the United States.

By conducting the Plan MITOD section of this Action Guide, users will:

  • Acquire an invaluable set of data that describes the demographics and market-potential of the transit district of interest,
  • Learn about key MITOD Tools that may be appropriate in the station area of interest,
  • Identify critical issues that should be addressed in future planning efforts,
  • Gather information about key MITOD opportunty sites,
  • Assess MITOD-related policies in the station area, and
  • Develop the framework for a MITOD Plan.

Although the target audience for this guide is the local planner engaged in station area plans around proposed fixed-guideway transit stations, a wide range of stakeholders can also use the process, information, and suggestions provided here.

Primary Toolkit:

Healthy Community Design Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Health Equity, Land Use, Planning, Policies, Transportation Planning


Institutional Author:

Reconnecting American and the Center for Transit-Oriented Development




The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.