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Comprehensive Planning and Health


Comprehensive plans are long-term plans regarding the land use planning and design of a community. Several local governments across the country have used several strategies to plan for health. APA conducted a two-part project to survey and evaluate this practice nationally. APA developed a national, web-based survey. The national survey report reviews these findings and identifies opportunities and barriers that communities face in the development and adopting of policies that include public health considerations in planning decisions. The second report is on an evaluation of 22 comprehensive and sustainability plans. This report also highlights the strengths and weaknesses in addressing public health and examples of robust policies from across the group of plans that promote health in their communities.  

Primary Toolkit:

Healthy Community Design Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Community Design, Land Use, Planning, Policies


Institutional Author:

American Planning Association




The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.