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Investigations of Outbreaks Complicated


“Investigations of Outbreaks Complicated by Universal Exposures” provides good advice on how to investigate outbreaks in which there are no apparent unexposed individuals who could be used as a control group. It can be found in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases and can be accessed at http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1811.111804

Sign up for notice for whenever a CME-granting article is available from the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases by subscribing at http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/subscribe.htm

Primary Toolkit:

Epidemiology Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases


Institutional Author:






The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.