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Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies


This resource provides an overview of different types of urban heat islands, methods for identifying them, and factors that contribute to their development. It introduces key concepts that are important to understanding and mitigating this phenomenon, as well as additional sources of information.

This resource discusses:

• General features of urban heat islands;
• Surface versus atmospheric heat islands;
• Causes of urban heat island formation;
• Urban heat island impacts on energy consumption, environmental quality, and human health;
• Strategies to Reduce Urban Heat Islands; and
• Resources for further information

Primary Toolkit:

Climate Change Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Adaptation, Climate, Community Design, Environmental Health, Land Use, Transportation Planning, Vulnerable Populations


Institutional Author:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency





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Important information for anyone working in an urban environment

The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.