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Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters


The purpose of this document is to provide planning guidance that can be incorporated into existing shelter plans to State emergency managers and shelter planners to meet access and functional needs in general population shelters. This document provides guidance to assist emergency managers and shelter planners in understanding the requirements related to sheltering children and adults with functional support needs in general population shelters. Functional Needs Support Services (FNSS) and the guidance provided are designed to assist in the planning and resourcing of sheltering operations whether government, NGO, faith- or private-based to meet the access and functional needs of children and adults. These guidelines identify methods of achieving a lawful and equitable program through the delivery of FNSS for children and adults.

Accessibility: This PDF is generally accessible using a screen reader or Read Out Loud. However, figures may not have alternate text and some appendices may not be readable.

Primary Toolkit:

EQUIPh Toolkit

Secondary Toolkits:

Health and Disability Toolkit

Keyword Area:

All-Hazards, Disability, Mental Health, Natural Disaster, Vulnerable Populations


Institutional Author:






The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.