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Legal Toolkit for Public Health Professionals (Web site)


The most commonly referenced containment measures applied on an individual level are isolation and quarantine. However, public health containment measures are much broader than simply isolation and quarantine, and include measures that can be applied at both the individual and the community level. Community containment measures that can be employed in an outbreak include suspending school, public transportation and public gatherings, as well as limiting travel. The Legal Toolkit for Public Health Professionals provides templates and guidelines for public health orders as well as the supporting legal documents to enforce those orders should that become necessary.

Hypothetical scenarios were created to guide the development of templates for each of the containment measures listed above.  These scenarios have been provided with each set of templates as it may illuminate the assumptions that drove the creation of the documents.  Most of the scenarios refer to the containment of influenza like illness. In light of the current H1N1 pandemic this most likely situation in which the documents will be used.

This tool was created as part of the Public Health Preparedness mini-grant entitled "Innovative Solutions in Public Health Preparedness" in 2009.

Format: Web site

Primary Toolkit:

APC Toolkit

Keyword Area:

Isolation and Quarantine, Mutual Aid, Pandemic Influenza, Risk Communication, School


Institutional Author:

City of Milwaukee Health Deparment -- APC Mini Site





The NACCHO Toolbox is a repository of available resources to help local public health practitioners. Tools are produced by local, state, and federal agencies, as well as academic institutions and other stakeholders. The contents of this Toolbox are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect any official recommendations of NACCHO. NACCHO makes no express or implied warranty with respect to the contents and disclaims liability for any damages arising from or connected to the use of the material in this Toolbox.